Packages

  • package root
    Definition Classes
    root
  • package org
    Definition Classes
    root
  • package opalj

    OPAL is a Scala-based framework for the static analysis, manipulation and creation of Java bytecode.

    OPAL is a Scala-based framework for the static analysis, manipulation and creation of Java bytecode. OPAL is designed with performance, scalability and adaptability in mind.

    Its main components are:

    • a library (Common) which provides generally useful data-structures and algorithms for static analyses.
    • a framework for implementing lattice based static analyses (Static Analysis Infrastructure)
    • a framework for parsing Java bytecode (Bytecode Infrastructure) that can be used to create arbitrary representations.
    • a library to create a one-to-one in-memory representation of Java bytecode (Bytecode Disassembler).
    • a library to create a representation of Java bytecode that facilitates writing simple static analyses (Bytecode Representation - org.opalj.br).
    • a scalable, easily customizable framework for the abstract interpretation of Java bytecode (Abstract Interpretation Framework - org.opalj.ai).
    • a library to extract dependencies between code elements and to facilitate checking architecture definitions.
    • a library for the lightweight manipulation and creation of Java bytecode (Bytecode Assembler).

    General Design Decisions

    Thread Safety

    Unless explicitly noted, OPAL is thread safe. I.e., the classes defined by OPAL can be considered to be thread safe unless otherwise stated. (For example, it is possible to read and process class files concurrently without explicit synchronization on the client side.)

    No null Values

    Unless explicitly noted, OPAL does not null values I.e., fields that are accessible will never contain null values and methods will never return null. If a method accepts null as a value for a parameter or returns a null value it is always explicitly documented. In general, the behavior of methods that are passed null values is undefined unless explicitly documented.

    No Typecasts for Collections

    For efficiency reasons, OPAL sometimes uses mutable data-structures internally. After construction time, these data-structures are generally represented using their generic interfaces (e.g., scala.collection.{Set,Map}). However, a downcast (e.g., to add/remove elements) is always forbidden as it would effectively prevent thread-safety. Furthermore, the concrete data-structure is always considered an implementation detail and may change at any time.

    Assertions

    OPAL makes heavy use of Scala's Assertion Facility to facilitate writing correct code. Hence, for production builds (after thorough testing(!)) it is highly recommend to build OPAL again using -Xdisable-assertions.

    Definition Classes
    org
  • package ai

    Implementation of an abstract interpretation (ai) framework – also referred to as OPAL.

    Implementation of an abstract interpretation (ai) framework – also referred to as OPAL.

    Please note that OPAL/the abstract interpreter just refers to the classes and traits defined in this package (ai). The classes and traits defined in the sub-packages (in particular in domain) are not considered to be part of the core of OPAL/the abstract interpreter.

    Note

    This framework assumes that the analyzed bytecode is valid; i.e., the JVM's bytecode verifier would be able to verify the code. Furthermore, load-time errors (e.g., LinkageErrors) are – by default – completely ignored to facilitate the analysis of parts of a project. In general, if the presented bytecode is not valid, the result is undefined (i.e., OPAL may report meaningless results, crash or run indefinitely).

    See also

    org.opalj.ai.AI - Implements the abstract interpreter that processes a methods code and uses an analysis-specific domain to perform the abstract computations.

    org.opalj.ai.Domain - The core interface between the abstract interpretation framework and the abstract domain that is responsible for performing the abstract computations.

  • package av
  • package ba

    Implementation of an eDSL for creating Java bytecode.

    Implementation of an eDSL for creating Java bytecode. The eDSL is designed to facilitate the creation of correct class files; i.e., whenever possible it tries to fill wholes. For example, when an interface is specified the library automatically ensures that the super class type is (initially) set to java.lang.Object as required by the JVM specification.

    This package in particular provides functionality to convert org.opalj.br classes to org.opalj.da classes.

  • package bc
  • package bi

    Implementation of a library for parsing Java bytecode and creating arbitrary representations.

    Implementation of a library for parsing Java bytecode and creating arbitrary representations.

    OPAL's primary representation of Java byte code is the org.opalj.br representation which is defined in the respective package. A second representation that represents bytecode one-by-one is found in the org.opalj.da package.

    This Package

    Common constants and type definitions used across OPAL.

  • package br

    In this representation of Java bytecode references to a Java class file's constant pool and to attributes are replaced by direct references to the corresponding constant pool entries.

    In this representation of Java bytecode references to a Java class file's constant pool and to attributes are replaced by direct references to the corresponding constant pool entries. This facilitates developing analyses and fosters comprehension.

    Based on the fact that indirect references to constant pool entries are resolved and replaced by direct references this representation is called the resolved representation.

    This representation of Java bytecode is considered as OPAL's standard representation for writing Scala based analyses. This representation is engineered such that it facilitates writing analyses that use pattern matching.

  • package bytecode

    Defines functionality commonly useful when processing Java bytecode.

  • package collection

    Defines helper methods related to Scala's and OPAL's collections APIs.

  • package concurrent

    Common constants, factory methods and objects used throughout OPAL when performing concurrent computations.

  • package constraints

    Defines helper values and methods related to modeling constraints.

  • package control

    Defines common control abstractions.

  • package da

    Defines convenience methods related to representing certain class file elements.

  • package de

    Functionality to extract dependencies between class files.

  • package fpcf

    The fixpoint computations framework (fpcf) is a general framework to perform fixpoint computations of properties ordered by a lattice.

    The fixpoint computations framework (fpcf) is a general framework to perform fixpoint computations of properties ordered by a lattice. The framework in particular supports the development of static analyses.

    In this case, the fixpoint computations/static analyses are generally operating on the code and need to be executed until the computations have reached their (implicit) fixpoint. The fixpoint framework explicitly supports resolving cyclic dependencies/computations. A prime use case of the fixpoint framework are all those analyses that may interact with the results of other analyses.

    For example, an analysis that analyzes all field write accesses to determine if we can refine a field's type (for the purpose of the analysis) can (reuse) the information about the return types of methods, which however may depend on the refined field types.

    The framework is generic enough to facilitate the implementation of anytime algorithms.

    Note

    This framework assumes that all data-structures (e.g., dependee lists and properties) that are passed to the framework are effectively immutable! (Effectively immutable means that the datastructure is never updated after it was passed to the framework.)

    ,

    The dependency relation is as follows: “A depends on B” === “A is the depender, B is the dependee”. === “B is depended on by A”

    ,

    The very core of the framework is described in: Lattice Based Modularization of Static Analyses

  • package graphs

    This package defines graph algorithms as well as factory methods to describe and compute graphs and trees.

    This package defines graph algorithms as well as factory methods to describe and compute graphs and trees.

    This package supports the following types of graphs:

    1. graphs based on explicitly connected nodes (org.opalj.graphs.Node),
    2. graphs where the relationship between the nodes are encoded externally (org.opalj.graphs.Graph).
  • package hermes
  • package io

    Various io-related helper methods and classes.

    Various io-related helper methods and classes.

    Note

    The implementations of the methods rely on Java NIO(2).

  • package issues

    Defines implicit conversions to wrap some types of analyses such that they generate results of type org.opalj.br.analyses.ReportableAnalysisResult.

  • package log
  • package support
  • package tac

    Common definitions related to the definition and processing of three address code.

  • package util

    Utility methods.

  • package value

    Provides a general query interface for querying a value's properties.

  • Answer
  • BinaryArithmeticOperators
  • Empty
  • Failure
  • No
  • NoResult
  • ProjectType
  • ProjectTypes
  • RelationalOperators
  • Result
  • Success
  • UByte
  • UShort
  • UnaryArithmeticOperators
  • Unknown
  • Yes
p

org

opalj

package opalj

OPAL is a Scala-based framework for the static analysis, manipulation and creation of Java bytecode. OPAL is designed with performance, scalability and adaptability in mind.

Its main components are:

  • a library (Common) which provides generally useful data-structures and algorithms for static analyses.
  • a framework for implementing lattice based static analyses (Static Analysis Infrastructure)
  • a framework for parsing Java bytecode (Bytecode Infrastructure) that can be used to create arbitrary representations.
  • a library to create a one-to-one in-memory representation of Java bytecode (Bytecode Disassembler).
  • a library to create a representation of Java bytecode that facilitates writing simple static analyses (Bytecode Representation - org.opalj.br).
  • a scalable, easily customizable framework for the abstract interpretation of Java bytecode (Abstract Interpretation Framework - org.opalj.ai).
  • a library to extract dependencies between code elements and to facilitate checking architecture definitions.
  • a library for the lightweight manipulation and creation of Java bytecode (Bytecode Assembler).

General Design Decisions

Thread Safety

Unless explicitly noted, OPAL is thread safe. I.e., the classes defined by OPAL can be considered to be thread safe unless otherwise stated. (For example, it is possible to read and process class files concurrently without explicit synchronization on the client side.)

No null Values

Unless explicitly noted, OPAL does not null values I.e., fields that are accessible will never contain null values and methods will never return null. If a method accepts null as a value for a parameter or returns a null value it is always explicitly documented. In general, the behavior of methods that are passed null values is undefined unless explicitly documented.

No Typecasts for Collections

For efficiency reasons, OPAL sometimes uses mutable data-structures internally. After construction time, these data-structures are generally represented using their generic interfaces (e.g., scala.collection.{Set,Map}). However, a downcast (e.g., to add/remove elements) is always forbidden as it would effectively prevent thread-safety. Furthermore, the concrete data-structure is always considered an implementation detail and may change at any time.

Assertions

OPAL makes heavy use of Scala's Assertion Facility to facilitate writing correct code. Hence, for production builds (after thorough testing(!)) it is highly recommend to build OPAL again using -Xdisable-assertions.

Source
package.scala
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Type Members

  1. sealed trait Answer extends AnyRef

    Models a three state answer (Yes, No, Unknown).

  2. final type BinaryArithmeticOperator = opalj.BinaryArithmeticOperators.Value

    The type of the predefined binary arithmetic operators.

    The type of the predefined binary arithmetic operators.

    See org.opalj.BinaryArithmeticOperators for the list of all defined operators.

  3. sealed trait NoResult extends Result[Nothing]
  4. final type ProjectType = opalj.ProjectTypes.Value

    The type of a project.

  5. final type RelationalOperator = opalj.RelationalOperators.Value

    The type of the predefined relational operators.

    The type of the predefined relational operators.

    See org.opalj.RelationalOperators for the list of all defined operators.

  6. sealed trait Result[+T] extends Serializable

    Represents the result of some expression that either (a) succeeded and encapsulates some value, or (b) finished, but has no value - because it was not possible to compute a value using the given/available information - or (c) that failed.

    Represents the result of some expression that either (a) succeeded and encapsulates some value, or (b) finished, but has no value - because it was not possible to compute a value using the given/available information - or (c) that failed.

    Note

    Depending on the context, it may be useful to distinguish between a success that returns an empty collection and a success that has no further information.

  7. case class Success[+T](value: T) extends Result[T] with Product with Serializable

    The computation succeeded and produced a result.

    The computation succeeded and produced a result. In general

  8. final type UByte = Int

    A simple type alias that can be used to communicate that the respective value will/should only take values in the range of unsigned byte values.

  9. final type UShort = Int

    A simple type alias that can be used to communicate that the respective value will/should only take values in the range of unsigned short values.

  10. final type UnaryArithmeticOperator = opalj.UnaryArithmeticOperators.Value

    The type of the predefined unary arithmetic operators.

    The type of the predefined unary arithmetic operators.

    See org.opalj.UnaryArithmeticOperators for the list of all defined operators.

Value Members

  1. val BaseConfig: Config
  2. final val NotRequired: (Any) ⇒ Nothing

    A method that takes an arbitrary parameter and throws an UnknownError that states that an implementation was not required.

  3. final val WEBPAGE: String("http://www.opal-project.de")

    The URL of the webpage of the opal project.

  4. def check(condition: Boolean, message: ⇒ String): Unit

    Non-elidable version of assert; only to be used in a guarded context.

  5. def check(condition: Boolean): Unit

    Non-elidable version of assert; only to be used in a guarded context.

  6. final def i2lBitMask(value: Int): Long

    Converts a given bit mask using an Int value into a bit mask using a Long value.

    Converts a given bit mask using an Int value into a bit mask using a Long value.

    Annotations
    @inline()
    Note

    This is not the same as a type conversion as the "sign-bit" is not treated as such. I.e., after conversion of the Int value -1, the Long value will be 4294967295 (both have the same bit mask: 11111111111111111111111111111111); in other words, the long's sign bit will still be 0.

  7. final def notRequired(): Nothing
  8. object Answer

    Factory for Answers.

  9. object BinaryArithmeticOperators extends Enumeration

    All standard binary arithmetic operators defined in the Java Virtual Machine/Java Language Specification.

    All standard binary arithmetic operators defined in the Java Virtual Machine/Java Language Specification.

    Note

    The type of a value of this enumeration is org.opalj.BinaryArithmeticOperator.

  10. object Empty extends NoResult with Product with Serializable

    The computation finished, but did no produce any results or the result was filtered.

    The computation finished, but did no produce any results or the result was filtered.

    Note

    The precise semantics of succeeded without results is dependent on the semantics of the concrete computation and needs to be defined per use case.

  11. object Failure extends NoResult with Product with Serializable

    The computation failed because of missing/incomplete information.

    The computation failed because of missing/incomplete information.

    Note

    The precise semantics of the computation failed is dependent on the semantics of the concrete computation and needs to be defined per use case.

  12. object No extends Answer with Product with Serializable

    Represents the answer to a question where the answer is No.

  13. object NoResult extends Serializable
  14. object ProjectType

    Common constants related to the project type.

    Common constants related to the project type.

    Note

    The package defines the type ProjectType.

  15. object ProjectTypes extends Enumeration

    The project type specifies the type of the project/the kind of sources which will be analyzed.

  16. object RelationalOperators extends Enumeration

    The standard relational operators defined in the Java Virtual Machine Specification/ Java Language Specification.

  17. object Result extends Serializable

    Defines factory methods for Result objects.

  18. object UByte

    Properties of unsigned byte values.

  19. object UShort

    Properties of unsigned short values.

  20. object UnaryArithmeticOperators extends Enumeration

    All standard unary arithmetic operators defined in the Java Virtual Machine/Java Language Specification.

    All standard unary arithmetic operators defined in the Java Virtual Machine/Java Language Specification.

    Note

    The type of a value of this enumeration is org.opalj.UnaryArithmeticOperator.

  21. object Unknown extends Answer with Product with Serializable

    Represents the answer to a question where the answer is either Unknown or is actuaclly both; that is, Yes and No.

  22. object Yes extends Answer with Product with Serializable

    Represents the answer to a question where the answer is Yes.

Inherited from AnyRef

Inherited from Any

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